Ultraviolet (UV) light speeds up the production of melanin, a natural pigment to give the skin, eyes, and hair their colours. When melanin is produced in high concentrations, the affected area appears darker. Besides sun damage, other commonly known causes of brown spots are aging, hormonal changes, wound healing, inflammation, etc.
Melasma is like other brown spots; the body produces more than usual melanin causing dark brown and discoloured spots on the skin. There are many causes that can contribute to melasma, but hormonal change is considered one of the reasons for this irregular production of melanin. Therefore, melasma is also called the “mask of pregnancy” when it happens to pregnant women. Other than pregnancy, birth control pills or hormone therapy can also trigger and develop melasma.
Most brown spots are harmless and can be treated with cosmetic laser or skincare products targeting pigmentation.
Cynosure's PicoSure™ laser is the world's first picosecond aesthetic laser-optimal wavelengths for treating pigmentary conditions and overall skin revitalization. The PicoSure™ laser gently disrupts the pigment particles responsible for sun spots and discoloration.
IPL Photofacial works by using a broad spectrum of light that targets melanin, the pigment responsible for the colour of these spots. When the light energy is absorbed by the melanin in the spots, it heats up and breaks down the pigmented cells. Over time, the body's natural healing process helps to eliminate the damaged pigmented cells, reducing the appearance of brown spots.
Microneedling is a procedure that uses fine needles to create controlled micro-injuries on the skin. It can be effective for pigmentation issues such as hyperpigmentation (dark spots). By stimulating the skin's healing process, microneedling promotes collagen production and even the distribution of melanin, reducing the appearance of pigmentation
Combination of Glycolic acid, Lactic acid, and Phytic acid with Niacinamide and sage, the chemical peel treatment is formulated to exfoliate the skin while deep cleansing the pores gently. For acne-prone skin, it can also help to reduce acne blemishes and help prevent future breakouts.